Can You Stain Over Paint? Questions And Answers

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Can you stain over paint

How to preserve the unique structure of the wood, but give the product a darker color and how long does stain take to dry? Regular staining will not work; stain is required.

Table of Contents

  1. Can I paint over stain
  2. How to paint wood with wood stain?
  3. Varieties of wood stains.
  4. Water-based stains.
  5. Rustic acrylic and wax stains.
  6. How to paint wood with wood stain?
  7. Watch a video about the features and types of wood stain
  8. How to stain wood: methods and tools
  9. How to paint wood with a stain?
  10. Stains and paints for wood |
  11. In what cases, when painting, you can leave the old paint coating
  12. Is it possible to apply paint to paint
  13. What kind of paint can be applied to oil paint
  14. Can I paint with oil paint over oil paint
  15. Is it possible to paint with acrylic paint over oil paint
  16. Is it possible to paint with alkyd paint over oil paint
  17. Is it possible to paint with enamel on acrylic paint
  18. How to paint the walls with water-based paint over oil paint
  19. What paint can acrylic paint be applied to?
  20. Is it possible to paint with oil paint on nitro enamel
  21. Is it possible to paint with oil paint on enamel
  22. Is it possible to oil stained wood
  23. Varieties of wood stains
  24. How to prepare wood for processing
  25. Dyeing technology
  26. Multi-colored coloring

Can I paint over stain

Stains are chemical compounds that do not form a film on the surface of the wood. As the stain is absorbed into the surface, a beautiful woody texture is obtained. However, the composition often does not have protective properties, so the wood is painted with wood stain and varnish at the same time.

Surface staining with stain occurs not due to pigment, but due to chemical reactions. Therefore, depending on the type of wood, the same composition may appear in different colors. Before starting work, be sure to test the stain on an inconspicuous area of ​​the tree.

How to paint wood with wood stain?

There are four main ways to treat wood with wood stain. We will look at three of them, since painting with a spray gun is a more professional option. Not everyone has such equipment.

– Staining by dropping small parts directly into the stained container. Since this exotic method is more suitable for various wood crafts.

– Applying the stain with a brush. The stain is applied with a soft natural brush.

– Painting with wood stains using a roller or swab. The roller should be medium or narrow, with a short or medium pile. The foam roller is suitable for water stains.

How to paint wood with wood stain?

Varieties of wood stains.

If you are new to woodworking and are just getting started with woodworking, choose an oil stain. It dries for a long time, so make sure that dust and small debris do not get on the product during the drying process, this will ruin the work. But, it is the oil-based stain that makes it easy to apply an even, beautiful layer. Moreover, such a stain allows errors.

Water-based stains.

The most common type of wood stain. They need to be applied gently and evenly. Since such stains can raise wood piles. Before processing, the tree should be wetted, sanded and, after drying well, treated with wood stain.

Alcohol stain is difficult to apply by hand, it is sprayed onto the surface with a spray gun.

Rustic acrylic and wax stains.

New developments. Moreover, this type of coating is only conventionally called wood stain, since they also retain the natural structure of the tree. This stain can be of any shade. It is easy to apply and does not raise the lint. Forms a film on the surface and has protective properties. However, like other stains, rustic stains should tear with varnish.

– In the process of staining wood with wood stain, do not brush again over the drying up fragments of wood. Since then the brush strokes will be visible.

– Only dry wood can be stained with wood stain, with a moisture content of no more than 12%

– For a beautiful result, the stain should be applied in two or three coats. Before the next coat, let the previous coat dry completely.

In the end, when you are satisfied with the resulting wood stain, let the work dry properly. Treat the wood with two coats of varnish. Moreover, the first layer must also be dried well, and then the second one must be applied. The varnish will protect the wood from external influences. As a result, it will give the work both a more complete look and a richer, deeper stain.

How to paint wood with wood stain?

If you plan to apply a protective coating on untreated boards, then it is important to assess the degree of drying of the material. A wet surface must not be treated with any means. There will be little sense from this, and even when drying, the fibers will disperse, and the resulting gaps will remain unprotected.

After quality control of the material, the surface must be sanded. This can be done with a special grinder or manually with sandpaper (different degrees of abrasives are used to effectively eliminate defects and achieve smoothness). If, during the preparation, deep cracks or crevices were found, you need to cover them with a putty intended for wood.

When working with wood previously treated with paint or varnish, it is imperative to remove the old coating layer. This can be done with emery. If removing paint or varnish is problematic, you can use a special remover or a hair dryer.

The wash is simple to use, it is enough to distribute it over the surface in an even layer and leave it for a while for the active components to act (the duration of treatment is indicated on the package).

To create favorable conditions, the wood is wrapped in plastic wrap, and the soaking process resembles the action of a thermos. With the use of the method of thermal exposure, you have to tinker.

The principle is to warm up the working area and remove the softened coating with a scraper. Each option has its own advantages and disadvantages, so before choosing it is worth assessing the labor costs and costs.

After removing the old paint, the wood is also sanded and covered with putty in those places where deformation has formed.

  • spraying using a spray gun;
  • roller or swab.

There is no significant difference in the methods; when choosing, you should be guided by your preferences. The main thing when applying varnish is to avoid streaks and coarse layering that changes the tone. Spread the stain along the grain of the tree. Capturing the processing area, it is not recommended to enter the painted area. Excessive layering gives a darker tint and gives out brush marks.

If you plan to paint twice, you need to let the varnish already distributed over the tree dry.

There are four main ways to treat wood with wood stain. We will look at three of them, since painting with a spray gun is a more professional option. Not everyone has such equipment.

– Staining by dropping small parts directly into the stained container. Since this exotic method is more suitable for various wood crafts.

– Applying the stain with a brush. The stain is applied with a soft natural brush.

– Painting with wood stains using a roller or swab. The roller should be medium or narrow, with a short or medium pile. The foam roller is suitable for water stains.

Depending on the type of stain, and the type of wood, the processing methods may vary, but the technique itself has only four methods of application:

– application with a brush;

– spraying with a spray gun;

– application with a swab or roller;

– application by dipping small parts into a container with the composition.

Usually the stain is applied in two to three layers, each stain must be allowed to dry.

Watch a video about the features and types of wood stain


Painting with a stain to a large extent depends on its composition. So, quickly drying stains based on nitro compounds can be applied qualitatively only by spraying.

Aqueous and alcoholic compositions can be applied in any of the above ways, but, as a rule, they are demanding on uniformity of color, especially on hardwood.

Important! When laying a layer of stain, you need to try not to reapply the composition in already drying places.

Oil-based stains are the least demanding and “forgive” a lot of mistakes. Perfectly applied with a swab or brush. For significant amounts of work, you can use a spray bottle. The only thing, long-term drying (up to 24 hours) requires that staining be done with protection from dust and insects, which, adhering to the fresh layer, will spoil it.

To work with stains, use soft natural bristle brushes. Rollers are used narrow or medium, with short or medium piles. For water stains, foam rollers are convenient.

Stain application methods

Different types of wood react differently with stains, especially with “real” ones, ie. coloring fibers due to chemical reactions.

So, a stain based on ferric chloride will give the oak a black color, the wood of an apple or pear tree will only make a little grayish, and it will not have any effect on pine at all.

Resinous and, in particular, conifers can behave even more unpredictably with different types of wood stains.

Council. Before applying the stain, test a few samples that match the wood of the workpiece.

Water stains often cause the pile of the wood to rise, significantly reducing the quality of the coating. In this case, the surface of the part is pre-moistened with clean water, stain allowed to dry, and then sanded again, removing the peeling fibers.

How to stain wood: methods and tools

Painting with wood stain is almost the final stage in the production of wooden products, so you can start it only when mechanical processing, incl. decorative (polishing, brushing, cutting, etc.), fully completed.

The tree should not have any contamination, even invisible (for example, grease stains), during processing they will instantly “appear”. It is not allowed to paint with wood stain, especially on the basis of nitro compounds and oil, wood with a moisture content above 12-14%.

How to stain wood: methods and tools

How to paint wood with a stain?

In order to sharply emphasize the texture of the wood (especially after brushing), to give an unusual color, or “old” look, the detail is covered with two different stains.

They do it this way: first, the tree is covered with a light (often bleaching) stain on a water or alcohol basis, creating a general background. Then, with a swab or roller, a darker stain on an oil or oil-wax base is applied. In this case, the denser fibers and forming the pattern remain light.

Wood stains and paints

What is the difference between wood stain and wood paint?

A very simplified answer would be this: there is sediment in the stain on the bottom of the can, but not in the paint. While this answer is oversimplified, it is this precipitate that helps explain the difference.

Stains are made from a liquid that contains ground, opaque pigments that color the wood. Although the pigment particles are small enough to penetrate the open pores on the surface of the wood, they are still too large to penetrate deeply into the wood. Moreover, they are large enough to settle in the liquid as a sludge at the bottom of the can.

Paints are made from coloring chemicals and molecular sized particles that do not settle in a liquid medium. Since the particles are very small, they penetrate deeper into the wood. Labeling can be confusing and confusing about the contents of the cans. For example, most so-called penetrating oil stains are actually paints. Other stains are combinations of paint and pigment.

What about gel stains? They are without sediment.

You’re right. Gel stains consist of a suspension of pigments in a jelly-like medium so thick that the pigments cannot settle. The advantage of a jelly stain is that the pigments do not penetrate as deeply and so quickly. As a result, you can better control color depth based on how long the stain stays on the wood surface and more or less vigorously cleaning the surface of excess stain.

Stains and paints for wood

Since the pigments contained in wood stains are deposited in open surface pores, they accentuate the texture of the wood. This is because larger pores absorb more stain than smaller pores. The paints are absorbed into the wood more evenly and give a less contrasting and more uniform appearance.

You may find streaks and glue stains if you rub the wood with white spirit after sanding. White spirit will temporarily darken the wood and reveal any traces of glue.

In what cases, when painting, you can leave the old paint coating

Renovation takes a lot of time and effort to make a high-quality renovation of the interior in an apartment or house. For this reason, many property owners want to reduce some of the work, especially when it comes to carrying out the finishing stage with their own hands. If the surface of the walls was previously painted, then beginners ask themselves: is it possible to apply paint on paint? The consequences of this decision, and in what cases it is permissible will be discussed below.

Is it possible to apply paint to paint

Professionals do not recommend painting over other coloring material. For them, the stage of removing the old finish is mandatory. The reason is the danger of peeling off the previous coating, and if a new layer is applied to it, it will suffer along with the old one.

Having painted a light color on top, there is a high probability after you notice the dark spots that have appeared through it. Any flaws in the previous finish will be visible. In addition, not all paints and varnishes are combined, their component components may not fit each other, the layer will lay poorly, the degree of adhesion will be low.

The application of one layer to another is permissible only if the first is in good condition, if it is ideal and lies reliably on the surface. It is advisable to use similar paints and varnishes, it is optimal to paint over the wall with some types of paints.

For professionals, the stage of removing the old finish is a must.

What kind of paint can be applied to oil paint

If it is necessary to paint in a short time and there is no way to waste time removing the old finish, then there is an option when the coloring layer can be applied to a different one. Make sure the integrity of the coating, whether it is firmly adhered to the base.

The assessment is carried out visually, you should also draw your hand over the surface, swelling can be detected using this method. In the presence of large defects, it is impossible to think about applying a new layer. Such a surface will repel new material quickly.

The oil composition is distinguished by a glossy structure, precisely obtaining an even film that helps protect the surface from moisture, for this reason it is often used for wood. However, to obtain a good degree of adhesion, a smooth surface is not suitable. Therefore, the use of re-staining is difficult.

It will be correct to remove the paint, for this purpose you can find special washes on sale, they soften the layer, after which you can remove the paint with a spatula. The process is not fast, but a good basis for repair is obtained.

If the base is in good condition, and nevertheless it was decided to paint, then oil or alkyd enamel is more suitable for the oil base. You can also resort to acrylic, you will need a preparatory stage, applying a primer.

Compounds on water, an unsuitable option, in order to complete the polymerization, it is necessary to soak the surface with water, and the oil coating will not let it through to the base, therefore drying will not take place at the proper level, it will not work to get a reliable adhesion.

The oil composition is distinguished by a glossy structure, it is the obtaining of an even film that helps protect the surface from moisture.

Can I paint with oil paint over oil paint

Whether it is possible to paint with oil paint on oil paint is asked by many property owners who decide to refresh the color of the walls. This option is optimal if you need to skip the stage of removing the old coating. To get the best adhesion, it is advisable to sand the base by removing the glossy layer.

To get the best adhesion, it is advisable to sand the base by removing the glossy layer.

Is it possible to paint with acrylic paint over oil paint

On the question of whether it is possible to paint with acrylic paint on oil paint, you can answer in the affirmative. But a special type of paint must be used. Taking into account that the surface has no flaws, the layer does not flake or crack, only such a wall can be repainted.

Acrylic enamel, distinguished by a high adhesion rate to any type of substrate, can be applied even to a glossy surface. This product will help to obtain a reliable and strong adhesion of the product to oil-type acrylics. But even the quality of good adhesion requires preliminary preparation of the base:

  1. First of all, the surface is sanded; for this purpose, fine-grained sandpaper is used.
  2. The wall is washed, all dirt and grease should be removed.
  3. The surface must dry completely before painting, after the required time, paint the wall.

To improve the result, an equal amount of water should be added to the paint and varnish material, the application of a more liquid agent will help to more easily get the evenness and uniformity of the distribution of the composition.

If you intend to distribute paint on the wall with a spray gun, then you need to dilute it with special solvents.

Is it possible to paint with alkyd paint over oil paint

Often windows, radiators, ceilings and walls are painted with oil compounds. However, modern technologies have made it possible to create more advanced types of paints, for this reason, many want to replace the material. Alkyd enamel has many benefits.

If an alkyd-based paint is selected to renew the paint, then the old oil-based coating must be removed. Only under the condition of reliable fixation of the previous finish, can it be re-stained.

Then the wall is sanded, the dust and dirt remaining after the process is washed off with an aqueous solution with soda. After the base dries, the finished solution can be applied, several layers will be required, it is important that each of them is completely dry.

If an alkyd-based paint is selected to renew the paint, then the old oil-based coating must be removed.

Is it possible to paint with enamel on acrylic paint

The acrylic look is distinguished by the presence of water in the composition, which contributes to the environmental friendliness of the composition, it does not smell unpleasant, and does not emit harmful components when dried. The presence of water makes it possible to paint over other paints and varnishes, including enamels. First, you need to clean the wall from dirt and apply a primer, then the adhesion will be better. Of course, such a finish is only possible on solid substrates, without cracking.

The presence of water makes it possible to paint over other paints and varnishes, including enamels.

How to paint the walls with water-based paint over oil paint

The water-based composition is also produced using water. To obtain the desired fixation of the layer, it must be soaked into the base. And the oil composition will not give water such an opportunity, it will simply repel it from itself.

For this reason, part of the layer will be fixed well, in those places where the gloss has departed, and part simply will not adhere. To avoid such consequences, a layer of drying oil is applied, it will create a good basis for adhesion. Or a primer solution is used.

To obtain the desired fixation of the layer, it must be soaked into the base.

What paint can acrylic paint be applied to?

To paint the oil base with an acrylic composition, first apply a primer mixture, it will create the necessary level of adhesion of the two products. The water-based base should be ideal, then it will be possible to apply the acrylic-based product. But it is always best to remove the previous finish. Then the staining will be of high quality.

Applying a latex layer on top is possible, it is important that the acrylic is of high quality. Then the degree of adhesion will be good, the compositions will be able to adhere well.

Applying a latex layer on top is possible, it is important that the acrylic is of high quality.

Is it possible to paint with oil paint on nitro enamel

The oily type of material for painting walls has an oily structure, which is poorly combined with nitro enamels. If you put them on top of each other, then the following problems may appear:

– Formation of cracks and bubbles on the base;

– Changing the shade of the product, which in the end will not allow you to get the necessary decoration of the room;

– The service life of the paint will be short.

The oily type of material for painting walls has an oily structure, which is poorly combined with nitro enamels.

Is it possible to paint with oil paint on enamel

The base oils and enamels are similar in their constituent components, which helps to use them together. The formulations can be mixed together if necessary. And it is also allowed to paint them on top of each other.

But the condition for the reliability of the base remains unchanged for any composition. The surface should be cleaned of all types of contamination and degreased well. The new product should be applied in several layers. The importance of drying everyone is undeniable, so do not rush, otherwise the paint will be spoiled and will not last long.

The new product should be applied in several layers.

The article gave a detailed answer to the question – is it possible to apply paint on old paint. The technology of work includes a mandatory item to remove old materials, but sometimes it is not possible to carry out this stage. Then the surface condition is assessed and compatible products are selected.

Is it possible to oil stained wood

For many people, the word “stain” is associated with a kind of liquid, with which you can give a wooden surface a particular shade. This property is present, but not only. Wood stains have excellent antiseptic properties and can make wood more durable.

The material is not a topcoat like paints and varnishes. Stains belong to the category of impregnations, as they can penetrate deeply into the structure of the tree. They are used for the treatment of new products or wood coatings, as well as in the process of restoring old wooden items.

Is it possible to oil stained wood

Varieties of wood stains

So what is wood stain? This is a ready-made liquid composition based on water, alcohol or oil, as well as a special powder that must be dissolved in water or alcohol-containing liquids.

– Water stains are considered the cheapest. It penetrates the wood quite deeply. It is produced in a wide range of colors, with its help you can give any color to a wooden product or structure. A significant drawback of water-based wood stain is its ability to lift the villi from the surface, thereby reducing moisture resistance. To reduce the negative effect of this impregnation, you can pre-soak the surface with clean water. After aging, the product is processed with sandpaper and only then covered with stain.

– Oil stains for wood are able to give a wooden surface any color shade. It is easy to apply to the surface and spread evenly over it. Dries quickly and does not pick up lint. Can stained wood be oiled? Produced by mixing oil-soluble dyes. To the desired consistency, it is diluted with white spirit.

– Alcohol-based stain is a solution of aniline dyes in any alcohol. Most often it is used with a spray bottle. It is difficult to distribute this liquid with a brush, since due to the almost instantaneous drying of the solution, the color is uneven.

If the above varieties of wood stains impregnate a wooden surface, highlighting, strengthening and disinfecting, then new, acrylic and wax impregnations in addition to this create a protective film on the wood. The surface treated in this way does not require additional coating with varnishes or paints.

How to prepare wood for processing

Wood staining is not such a simple process as it might seem to an ignorant person. To achieve the desired result, it is necessary to take into account some of the subtleties and nuances of this procedure, as well as perform all the stages of staining in order.

  1. First you need to choose a color, a suitable composition of the solution and tools for its application. For quick-drying compounds, you need to prepare an airbrush or other spray. You can work with oil, water or acrylic stains with a brush, sponges, tampons. It all depends on the size of the surface to be finished and the expected effect.
  2. Preparation of a wooden product for painting consists in drying a new surface or cleaning the old one from the previous finish to the body of the tree. A dry product must be carefully processed with sandpaper or a grinder. To avoid the appearance of new defects, movements should be carried out along the fibers. Scratches, dents, chips on an untreated surface may be inconspicuous, but after coating with wood stain, they appear quite noticeably.
  3. Grinding the surface to be treated is brought to a perfectly smooth state. Then it is cleaned from dust and removed fibers. To do this, you can use a vacuum cleaner or a soft cloth.
  4. The next stage is degreasing, most often it is performed with white spirit.
  5. Before applying the base composition, especially water stain, the product must be moistened with clean water. And sand again.

Some nuances take place when preparing to work with stains from coniferous wood products, especially with increased resin content. The fact is that after applying the stain, resinous places can appear through the coating with ugly spots. It is best to preliminarily get rid of such manifestations of such wood. To do this, use one of the compositions:

– an aqueous solution of acetone, for this, mix 750 g of water and 250 g of acetone;

– a soda mixture consisting of one liter of warm water, 60 g of soda ash and 50 g of potash (potassium carbonate).

To get rid of the resin completely, the treatment must be performed several times. Then rinse the product thoroughly with soapy water, then clean water. Dry and then carry out the traditional staining preparation.

 

Dyeing technology

How to stain wood correctly? Work should be done at an air temperature above + 15 ° C, this will allow the stain to penetrate deep into the pores of the wood. Manufacturers recommend covering the surface with conditioner of the same brand before applying the base substance. Stir the stain thoroughly so that the stain does not remain on the bottom or walls of the container.

When using any tool (brush, roller or sponge), a sufficient amount of stain should be applied to the surface. Let its excess be better (it can be removed after staining) than a deficiency.

When processing a vertical surface, work with movements from the bottom up. If a horizontal part is stained, then first you need to move the brush along the grain of the wood, then across, then again along. This way you can achieve an even application and avoid unnecessary smudges.

It is necessary to stain one part or surface in one go, without interruptions. Otherwise, stains and uneven staining may appear.

To obtain an even tone and a high-quality result, the staining process is repeated several times. Each subsequent layer is applied only after the previous one has completely dried. How long does the stain dry?

The drying time depends on many factors: the composition of the stain, the ambient temperature, the degree of humidity of the base. On average, alcohol-based formulations dry in 1-2 hours, aqueous solutions – at least a day.

After the final drying of the impregnation, the surface is subjected to the final stage of wood processing, which is called washing. This action removes the excess stain that the tree has not accepted. The procedure helps the wood to show itself in all its beauty and shine. Washing is done with acetone and a large paint brush. The product is installed at an angle on a soft substrate.

The brush must be moistened with acetone and brush off excess stain with movements from top to bottom. Can a varnished wood surface be painted with wood stain? As soon as the treated surface acquires a uniform appearance, the procedure is over.

Now the product needs to be dried and can be varnished.

Dyeing technology

Multi-colored coloring

Wood stain, what is it for? It would seem that the technology and material have long been known. But the question remains open for many.

Staining of wood surfaces is carried out in order to give them a certain shade that emphasizes the texture of the wood. In addition, wood stain makes wood stronger and more resistant to damage from dampness, mold, fungi and wood-boring insects. But the possibilities of staining do not end there. Using wood stains of different colors, you can create various effects on a wooden surface:

  • whitening;
  • aging;
  • colored stains.

The purpose of creating a bleached surface is using two compositions of different qualities. First, a continuous coating is made with a white water stain, which is thoroughly dried. And then all depressions and pores are filled with an oil-based stain with the addition of hard wax.

In this case, a very thin waxy film is formed, which highlights only the pores in black or gray, while the rest of the surface remains whitish.

If you need to get a multi-colored effect, then first a test is made to select the shades on a separate piece of a polished board. When it is possible to achieve the desired color combination, they begin to process the product. First, the main background is applied. Then chaotic or ordered strokes are made on it with other color shades of the stain.

The final will be – the final coating with a colorless or tinted varnish.

Another important component of the oil stain is the solvent, or in this case it would be more accurate to say, the thinner, which is most often used as white spirit. After mixing the pigment powder with oil and desiccants, we will most likely get a pasty mass, which will be quite difficult to evenly apply to the surface. When you buy a can of oil stain, you are actually taking away a lot of thinner and very little color pigments and oils from the store.

Strange, but such easy-to-use things as “oil stains” are not very popular. Moreover, some sellers of these products do not know how to use them.

I also thought earlier that water or alcohol stains are the most convenient materials for hand painting wood. It turns out that if you do not have a special room for painting, a compressor and a spray gun, then in terms of ease of use, oil stains are better than anything else.

The material is not a topcoat like paints and varnishes. Stains belong to the category of impregnations, as they can penetrate deeply into the structure of the tree. They are used for the treatment of new products or wood coatings, as well as in the process of restoring old wooden items.

Oil stain for wood makes it possible to give the material any color or shade from the entire palette known to man. This is achieved by mixing dyes in a soluble mixture. Often, in order to dilute such stains, craftsmen use White Spirit thinner.

In practice, works related to the treatment of wood with stains, oil compositions have shown themselves as the most unpretentious type of coating, since they are applied very evenly, do not raise fibers and dry quickly.

Linseed oil is in particular demand of consumers, after tinting with which the surfaces acquire a beautiful silky, matte sheen or a clear, natural shade of colored linseed oil, according to the color palette. Other characteristic features of flaxseed oil are better absorbency than other oils, and resist the development of bacteria. Linseed oil can be used as an independent decorative coating for both indoor and outdoor use.

Impregnation of wood with linseed oil improves the appearance of wood, increases the service life of products, and is perfectly tinted to any shade. Can untreated wood be oiled, waxed or stained? The processed products are resistant to cracking, fading, and drying out.

Acrylate base in an aqueous environment – this is the composition of the varnish. Stir or shake thoroughly before applying water-based varnish to wood surfaces. After complete drying, the varnish layer will protect the wood from water, solar radiation and mechanical stress.

When working with solvents, it is important to remember that they contain toxic substances. Therefore, they must be applied with glasses, rubber gloves and a respirator. At the end of the cleaning, the tree is wiped with warm water and allowed to dry for at least a day. After that, the surface is again sanded and primed.

And only then can a new varnish be applied.

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